|Economic Impact of SmokeFree Ohio on Border Counties
|Posted On: 8/17/2011
|Summary of economic impact of Ohio's SmokeFree legislation on border counties in Ohio and Kentucky.
Objective To determine if the Ohio statewide smoke-free
law is associatedwitheconomic activity inOhioor Kentucky
counties that lie on the border between the two states. In
November 2006, Ohio implemented a comprehensive
statewide smoke-free law for all indoor workplaces.
Design A feasible generalised least squares (FLGS) time
series design to estimate the impact of the Ohio smokefree
law on Kentucky and Ohio border counties.
Setting Six Kentucky and six Ohio counties that lie on the
border between the two states.
Subjects All reporting hospitality and accommodation
establishments in all Kentucky and Ohio counties including
but not limited to food and drinking establishments, hotels
Main outcome measures Total number of employees,
total wages paid and number of reported establishments
in all hospitality and accommodation services, 6 years
before Ohio’s law and 1 year after.
Results There is no evidence of a disproportionate
change in economic activity in Ohio or Kentucky border
counties relative to their non-border counterparts. There
was no evidence of a relation between Ohio’s smoke-free
law and economic activity in Kentucky border counties.
The law generated a positive influence on wages and
number of establishments in Ohio border counties. The
null result cannot be explained by low test power, as
minimum changes necessary in the dependent variables
to detect a significant influence are very reasonable in
Conclusions Our data add to the large body of evidence
that smoke-free laws are neutral with respect to the
hospitality business across jurisdictions with and without